Rose mug shot

Adam Hartstone-Rose, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Cell Biology & Anatomy
University of South Carolina School of Medicine

Contact: (803) 216-3816

2003 Duke University — B.A., Biological Anthropology & Anatomy and English
2008 Duke University — Ph.D., Biological Anthropology & Anatomy

Research Focus

Primate and carnivore feeding behavior (ingested food sizes), diet (frugivory, folivory, hypercarnivory, durophagy and food mechanical properties), soft-tissue masticatory anatomy (the scaling of muscle weights, physiological cross-sectional areas and fiber lengths as they relate to gape and bite force reconstruction), craniodental morphology (correlates of diets and predictors of masticatory abilities – gape and bite force) and paleontology (specifically, subfossil lemurs, hominins, South African carnivorans and sabertooth felids in general).  Also, the relationship between forelimb muscles, their bony origins and locomotion patterns in primates.

Recent Publications

  • Hartstone-Rose A, Selvey H*, Villari J*, Atwell M*, and Schmidt T. 2014. The Three-Dimensional Morphological Effects of Captivity. PLoS ONE 9(11): 1-15.
  • Lambert JE, Fellner V., McKenney, E. Hartstone-Rose A. 2014. Binturong (Arctictis binturong) and kinkajou (Potos flavus) digestive strategy: implications for interpreting frugivory in Carnivora and Primates. PLoS ONE. 9(8): 1-8
  • Diogo R, Pastor JF, Hartstone-Rose A, Muchlinski MN. 2014. Baby Gorilla: Photographic and Descriptive Atlas of Skeleton, Muscles and Internal Organs Including CT Scans and Comparison with Adult Gorillas, Humans and Other Primates. Taylor & Francis (Oxford, UK). 101 pages.
  • Perry JMG, MacNeill KE*, Heckler AL*, Rakotoarisoa G, Hartstone-Rose A. 2014. Anatomy and Adaptations of the Chewing Muscles in Daubentonia (Lemuriformes). The Anatomical Record. 297(2):308–316
  • Liu Q, Li J, Hartstone-Rose A, Wang J, Li J-Q, Janicki JS and Fan D. 2014. Chinese Herbal Compounds for the Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerosis: Experimental Evidence and Mechanisms. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 1-15
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Dundas RG, Boyde B*, Long R*, Farrel A, Shaw CA. In press. The bacula of Rancho La Brea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science.
  • Parkinson JA, Plummer TW, Hartstone-Rose A. In press. Characterizing Felid Tooth Marking and Gross Bone Damage Patterns using GIS Image Analysis: An experimental feeding  study with large felids. Journal of Human Evolution.
  • Valenciano A, Abella J, Sanisidro O, Hartstone-Rose A, Álvarez-Sierra M, Morales J. In press. Complete description of the skull and mandible of the giant mustelid Eomellivora  piveteaui Ozansoy, 1965 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Mustelidae) from Batallones (MN10), Late Miocene (Madrid, Spain). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Kuhn B, Werdelin L, Nalla S, Berger L. 2013. A new species of fox from the Australopithecus sediba type locality, Malapa, South Africa. Transactions of the Royal  Society of South Africa. 68(1):1-9.
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Stynder D. 2013. Hypercarnivory, durophagy or generalized carnivory in the Mio-Pliocene hyaenids of South Africa? South African Journal of Science.  109(5/6):77-86 (cover article featuring original photorealistic reconstruction of fossil mammals from Langebaanweg, South Africa ca. 5mya)
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Perry JMG and Morrow CJ*. 2012. Bite force estimation and the fiber architecture of felid masticatory muscles. The Anatomical Record. 295:1336–1351.
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Long R*, Farrel A., Shaw C.2012. Clavicles from Rancho La Brea and their implications for felid shoulder anatomy and phylogeny. Journal of Morphology. 273:981- 991.
  • Constantino PJ, Lee JJ-W, Gerbig Y, Hartstone-Rose A, Talebi M, Lawn BR, Lucas PW. 2012. The role of tooth enamel mechanical properties in primate dietary adaptation. American  Journal of Physical Anthropology. 148:171-177.
  • Churchill SE, Berger LR, Hartstone-Rose A, Zondo BH. 2012. Body size in African Middle Pleistocene Homo. In S.C. Reynolds and A. Gallagher, eds., African Genesis: Perspectives in  Hominin Evolution. Cambridge University Press. 319-346.
  • Hartstone-Rose A. 2011. Reconstructing the diets of extinct South African carnivorans from premolar “intercuspid notch” morphology. Journal of Zoology. 285:119–127.
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Perry JMG. 2011. Intraspecific variation in maximum Ingested food size and body mass in Varecia rubra and Propithecus coquereli. Anatomical Research  International. 2011:1–8.
  • Bovard BN*, Hartstone-Rose A, Rowland NJ, Mulvey KL*. 2011. Sportsmen’s Perceptions of Coyotes and Coyote Origins in Pennsylvania. Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of  Science. 85(4):159–164
  • Perry JMG, Hartstone-Rose A, Wall CE. 2011. The jaw adductors of strepsirrhines in relation to body size, diet, and ingested food size. The Anatomical Record. 294:712–728.
  • Constantino PJ, Lee JJ-W, Morris D, Lucas PW, Hartstone-Rose A, Lee W-K, Dominy N, Cunningham A*, Wagner M, Lawn BR. 2011. Adaptation to hard-object feeding in sea otters  and hominins. Journal of Human Evolution . 61:89-96.
  • Perry JMG, Hartstone-Rose A, Logan LL*. 2011. The jaw adductor resultant and estimated bite force in primates. Anatomical Research International. 2011:1–11.
  • 21. Kuhn B, Werdelin L, Hartstone-Rose A, Lacruz R, Berger L. 2011. Carnivoran remains from the Malapa hominin site, South Africa. PLoS ONE. 6(11):1-11.
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Werdelin L, De Ruiter D, Berger L, and Churchill S. 2010. The Plio-Pleistocene ancestor of wild dogs: Lycaon sekowei sp. nov. Journal of Paleontology. 84:299-308.
  • Perry JMG, Hartstone-Rose A. 2010. Maximum ingested food size in captive strepsirrhine primates: scaling and the effects of diet. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.  142:625–635.
  • Lucas PW, Constantino PJ, Lee JJ-W, Hartstone-Rose A, Chai H, Lee W-K, Dominy N. 2009. Primate Dental Enamel: What it Says About Diet; in Koppe T, Meyer G, Alt, KW (eds.):  Comparative Dental Morphology. Frontiers of Oral Biology. Basel, Karger. 13:44-48.
  • Hartstone-Rose A, Wahl S*. 2008. Using radii-of-curvature for the reconstruction of extinct South African carnivoran masticatory behavior. Comptes Rendus Palevol. 7:629-643.
  • Hartstone-Rose A, De Ruiter D, Berger L, and Churchill S. 2007. A saber-tooth from Coopers Cave (Gauteng, South Africa) and its implications for Megantereon (Felidae,  Machairodontinae) taxonomy. Palaeontologica Africana. 44:99-108.